- Book of Sports
- (1618, 1633)The King's Declaration of Lawful Sports, commonly called The Book of Sports, was first issued by James I in 1618, as a response to zealous Lancashire justices who had banned all popular sports and games on Sundays. This was but one skirmish in a long and bitter battle over the correct manner of keeping Sunday (the 'Lord's Day') which was not fully resolved until the Puritans achieved complete control in the 1640s. James was caught between the growing power of the Puritans on one side and still potent fears of Roman Catholicism on the other. It was seriously believed that Sunday sports were a Catholic plot: 'It was no small policy in the leaders of the Popish party to keep the people from church by dancing and other recreation even in the time of divine service' (John Bar-wick, quoted by Tait, p. 562).The Book of Sports attempted a compromise by identifying which sports should be allowed on Sundays, while prohibiting others, and most crucially stipulating that the lawful entertainments must only take place after evening service, and that anyone who had not attended that service (i.e. Catholics) was excluded from this liberty. Those pastimes allowed were listed as: dancing, either of men or women, archery for men, leaping, vaulting or any such other harmless recreation . . . (such as) . . . May Games, Whitson Ales and Morris-dances and the setting up of Maypoles . . . and that women shall have leave to carry rushes to the church for the decoring of it, according to their old custom.Those forbidden entirely on Sundays were bear- and bull-baiting, interludes, and bowling (for the meaner sort of people). Bowling had previously come under fire from those in authority because the popular craze for the game had threatened to eclipse archery as a regular pastime, and there were fears of its effect on the military prowess of the populace.The Book of Sports angered the stricter Puritans and Sabbatarians at the time, and was reissued by Charles I in 1633, in response to a similar hard-line approach to Sundays taken by a group of Somerset magistrates. By this time the Puritan faction was in a much stronger position, and the declaration proved a major focus of bitter debate. Nevertheless, at local level, it helped to strengthen the hands of the authorities by codifying what was and was not allowed, and numerous prosecutions of miscreants followed. There was certainly still much flouting of the law:And when the people by the book were allowed to play and dance out of public service-time, they could so hardly break off their sports, that many a time the reader was fain to stay till the piper and players would give over; and sometimes the morrice dancers would come into the church in all the linen and scarfs, and antic dresses, with morrice bells jingling at their legs. As soon as common-prayer was read they did haste out presently to their play again. (Quoted in Govett 1890: 120-1)■ Govett, 1890 (includes a transcript of the text); Julian Davies, The Caroline Captivity of the Church (1992); James Tait, 'The Declaration of Sports for Lancashire (1617)', English Historical Review 32 (1917), 561-8; Thomas G. Barnes, 'County Politics and a Puritan Cause Celebre: Somerset Church Ales 1633', Trans. Royal Historical Soc., 5s:5 (1959), 103-22; Underdown, 1985.
A Dictionary of English folklore. Jacqueline Simpson & Steve Roud. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sports car racing — is a form of circuit auto racing with automobiles that have two seats and enclosed wheels. They may be purpose built or related to road going sports cars.A kind of hybrid between the purism of open wheelers and the familiarity of touring car… … Wikipedia
Sports car — A sports car is a term used to describe a class of automobile. The exact definition varies, [cite book last = Reynolds first = Bill authorlink = coauthors = title = The Complete Book of Sports Cars publisher = Salamander Books date = 2002… … Wikipedia
Sports, Sin and Subversion — Infobox Book | name = Sports, Sin and Subversion title orig = translator = image caption = author = Evan X Hyde illustrator = cover artist = country = BLZ language = English series = genre = Sports, History, Autobiography publisher = Ramos… … Wikipedia
Sports journalism — is a form of journalism that reports on sports topics and events.While the sports department within some newspapers has been mockingly called the toy department , because sports journalists do not concern themselves with the serious topics… … Wikipedia
Sports Chiropractic — also known as Chiropractic sports sciences/medicine is a specialty of Chiropractic medicine which is generally a 2 year post graduate residency program and received a designation of certified chiropractic sports specialist CCSS (Canada) [cite… … Wikipedia
Sports law — is an umbrella term used to describe the legal issues at work in the world of both amateur and professional sports. Sports law overlaps substantially with labor law, contract law, antitrust law, and tort law. Issues like defamation and privacy… … Wikipedia
Sports betting — is the activity of predicting sports results and placing a wager on the outcome. Contents 1 Types of bets 1.1 United States of America 2 Bookmaking 3 Odds … Wikipedia
Book of Cool — is an award winning global entertainment format created and owned by London, United Kingdom based producers Ocelot Productions. The main purpose is to publicly provide certain captured film footage of the world’s coolest exponents of sports and… … Wikipedia
Sports day — Sports days are annual events staged by many schools in which children participate in competitive sporting activities, often with the aim of winning trophies or prizes. They are usually held in the warmer seasons, either at the beginning or… … Wikipedia
Sports diplomacy — is when sport is used as a political tool to enhance (or sometime worsen) diplomatic relations between two entities. The intention is sometimes to bring about radical change. While the Olympics is often times the biggest political example of… … Wikipedia